X-ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism (XMLD) uses the differential absorption of horizontal and vertical linear polarised light in a magnetic field to examine magnetic materials and properties. This includes the behaviour of bulk materials, thin films and multilayers, magnetic nanostructures and clusters, and spin transport systems. It has been used to study phenomena such as exchange biasing and magnetic anisotropy. It is element-specific and surface sensitive. Used alongside X-ray absorption spectroscopy it can provide complementary information on electronic structure, which is of interest to a broad range of disciplines covering physics, chemistry, materials science, surface science, life sciences, earth sciences, bio-manufacturing and catalysis research.
Polarised soft X-rays have had an enormous impact on our understanding of magnetic phenomena and magnetic (nano)materials. XMCD and XMLD have allowed insights into the origin of fundamental effects such exchange bias and magnetic anisotropy.
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