Welcome to Magnetic Materials

Diamond's Magnetic Materials Group concentrates on emergent phenomena in quantum materials using the capabilities of beamlines I06, I10, I16, B16 and I21. The research encompasses a variety of challenges and opportunities at the frontiers of condensed matter physics and materials science ranging from topological states of matter, superconductivity, spintronics, two-dimensional systems, skyrmions and multiferroics.

The key insights made by researchers exploit the high sensitivity of polarised X-ray spectroscopy, microscopy and scattering available across the beamlines. For instance, polarised soft X-rays combined with the PhotoEmission Electron Microscope (PEEM) on the Nanoscience beamline (I06) have visualised the domain dynamics underpinning antiferromagnetic spintronics while the resonant soft X-ray scattering on the BLADE: X-ray Dichroism and Scattering beamline (I10) has been used to understand the topological properties of skyrmions. On the Materials and Magnetism beamline (I16), interference effects in hard X-ray scattering have led to a deeper understanding of long-range magnetic ordering in canted antiferromagnets. The Inelastic X-ray Scattering beamline (I21) is in a commissioning phase, but has had already performed ground breaking experiments measuring orbital excitations, magnon dispersion and electron-phonon coupling in several highly-correlated systems. The research outputs from our Magnetic Materials beamlines can demonstrate how polarised X-ray science can uncover dramatic changes in the magnetic properties of materials from subtle changes to the geometric and electronic structure.
  1. Instruments
Instruments -

I06 Nanoscience

I06 is a polarised spectroscopy and microscopy beamline equipped with a PEEM, 6 T low temperature (1.5 K) superconducting magnet, 2 T vector magnet as well as soft X-ray diffraction vacuum goniometer.

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Energy: First harmonic circular: 106 - 1300 eV | Linear horizontal: 80 - 2100 eV | Linear vertical: 130 - 1500 eV

I10 BLADE: X-ray Dichroism and Scattering

I10 is a beamline for the study of electronic and magnetic structure using soft X-ray resonant scattering (reflection and diffraction) and X-ray absorption. It allows a broad range of studies focused on the spectroscopic properties and magnetic ordering of novel nanostructured systems

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Energy: 500 - 1600 eV

I16 Materials and Magnetism

The Materials and Magnetism beamline provides a unique, world-class single crystal X-ray diffraction facility for studying a diverse range of materials.

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Energy: 2.7 - 15 keV

B16 Test Beamline

This is a flexible and versatile beamline for testing new developments in optics and detector technology and for trialling new experimental techniques. The beamline provides both white and monochromatic X-rays in several operational modes.

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Energy: 4 - 45 keV

I21 Inelastic X-ray Scattering

Operational in optimisation mode

I21 will be a dedicated Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) beamline that will provide a highly monochromatised, focused and tunable X-ray beam onto materials, while detecting and energy-analysing scattered X-rays using a spatially-resolved two-dimensional detector.

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Energy: 0.20 - 3.0 keV

Science Group Leader

Sarnjeet Dhesi

Email: sarnjeet.dhesi@diamond.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0) 1235 778056

  • The team that makes up and supports the Magnetic Materials Group.
  • The I16 goniometer with 6-degrees of freedom.
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Latest Group Publications

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Contact for MM Beamlines

I06: Sarnjeet Dhesi

I10: Paul Steadman

I16: Alessandro Bombardi

B16: Kawal Sawhney

I21: Kejin Zhou

Science Group Leader:
Sarnjeet Dhesi