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A detailed understanding of environmental issues such as pollution, climate change and environmental remediation plays an important role in protecting human health, the environment and preparing land for redevelopment. Therefore, there is a high demand to find long term solutions to environmental problems we are currently facing. In order to overcome these issues it is crucial to use advanced analytical techniques to study various materials in the areas of microbiology, geology and geochemistry.
Diamond’s facilities are uniquely placed for complex, advanced studies, providing essential understanding of the problems and potential solutions related to environmental research.
Alternative Energy Sources
Efficient Use of Resources
On 4th August 2014, the Mount Polley mine tailings dam failed, resulting in 25 million m3 of material discharged into the surrounding area, the second-largest failure by volume on record.
Mine tailings dam failures of this kind can rapidly add large volumes of vanadium (V)-bearing solid and liquid waste to the fluvial environment, with both short and long-term effects on the local ecosystems.
Removing environmental contaminants such as heavy metals from polluted water systems is a problem across the globe. New advanced materials are needed that can prevent pollution and “clean up” existing contaminated environments. Green rust (GR) compounds are a unique class of materials which form in natural environments and can be synthesised in the laboratory. The unique structure and chemistry of GR nanoparticles means that these phases can chemically transform (reduce) and immobilise many toxic metals such as chromium and uranium. This process can significantly reduce the bioavailability of the contaminants.Read more...
”Corrosion resistant” metals are used in challenging environments and where safety is critical, such as in pipelines, aircraft and nuclear waste storage vessels. But it is precisely these materials that are vulnerable to a form of corrosion known as pitting. Understanding of the mechanisms by which these pits form and propagate may allow engineers to build more accurate models of corrosion to predict the lifetime of components and plan when they need inspecting or replacing.Read more...
Diamond Light Source is the UK's national synchrotron science facility, located at the Harwell Science and Innovation Campus in Oxfordshire.
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