Want to learn more about one of science's heroes from history, Henry Moseley? Moseley solved one of chemistry's greatest puzzles - determining what distinguishes elements from one another and developed a means of identifying elements based on their atomic characteristics. Sadly he lost his life fighting at Gallipoli in WWI.
Learn more about his life and legacy by watching our online film here.
Non-metals tend to have relatively low melting and boiling points and low densities. They are usually poor conductors of heat and electricity, and the solid elements are mostly brittle. They can be divided into two categories - the noble gases and reactive non-metals. Metalloids are also sometimes counted as non-metals.
There are five times as many metal element as non-metals, but the noble gases hydrogen and helium make up more than 99% of the observable universe, and oxygen makes up nearly half of Earth’s crust, oceans and atmosphere. Non-metals form many more compounds than metals, and living organisms are mostly made of non-metals.
Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe, and a common element in all known forms of life. It has an unusual ability to form polymers at temperatures found on our planet, and forms a unique range of organic compounds. Carbon’s physical properties depend on its form. For example, diamond is the hardest naturally occurring material.
Check back soon to learn more about the research we do here at Diamond on Carbon.