26 November 2014
I20-1 is now I20-scanning
I20-2 is now I20-EDE
Please reference the beamline and the branchlines with these new names in your publications.
We are in the process of designing , procuring, building and testing a new 14 crystal emission spectrometer for I20-scanning. Owing to delays in the delivery of parts and knock on effects on the assembly/testing programme , the spectrometer replacement process will now take place from late October - December 2022.
In January - March we will be doing XAS experiments with the 64 Ge element detector and commissioning the new XES spectrometer. If things go as expected by early March we may be able to do one straightforward "commissioning" XES experiment. This means either measurements of RT samples or possibly simple electrochemical systems. We will not be doing variable temperature or gas experiments during commissioning.
In AP33 we will still be commissionign the spectrometer at the start of the period, thus the more complex XES experiments in AP33 will be scheduled from May onwards. Furthermore with the 14 element spectrometer the task of changing analyser crystals will be more complex and take considerably longer. Thus changing during a beamtime will not happen. Users using the same set of analyser crystals will be scheduled together, hence there will be less flexibility in scheduling than previously for XES users.
The determination of the local structure around a photoabsorbing atomic site present at low concentration and/or in X-ray unfavourable heavy matrix is one of the particular strengths of I20-scanning when operating in the conventional scanning XAS mode. The high flux and high spectral purity are the key design parameters of this beamline. The beamline is equipped with an in-house designed four-bounce monochromator which consists of two pairs of counter-rotating crystals.The main advantages are: a) high stability and reproducibility, b) fixed exit by geometry, and c) angle and energy resolution of transmitted photons are not determined by the incident beam divergence.
|Energy range|| |
Si(111): 4 - 20 keV
Si (311)+: 7 - 34 keV
|Energy resolution|| |
Si (311)+: ΔE/E=2.8x10-5
|Flux at 10 keV (ph/s)||> 1012|
|Beam size at sample (µm)|| |
HxV = 400 x 300
+not available at current time
Status Update July 2019
The new first crystal cage is now working well. The better cooling enables the wiglgler gap to be closed to 15mm for >15keV this provides about 30% more flux.
Status Update March 2019
The previous incarnation of the four bounce monchromator has been in regular user use for the last two years. The Si(III) set of crystals work well with some minor issues. The monochromator took some time to thermally equilabrate when changing edge thus the beamline was normally only used for one edge per experimental user session apart from adjacent edges. The monochromator is very vibration sensitive and hence the area around the I20 optics hutch is barriered off to prevent external stimuli to activate these modes.
A new first axis is being installed, after extensive testing, in March 2019 with an enlarged second crystal ,. This should reach thermal equilibrium much faster and so make edge changing faster if not routine. It will not be a user -enabled process like B18, but it may be possible to look at more than one edge in an experimental visit. The new axis will be commissioned in April 2019, so more will be known then.
The new axis does not have room for a 311 crystal set and thus routine high energy use will not be available for some time. It is possible that the Si(333) will provide high energy X-rays but this remained to be proven. Hence the beamline energy range is likely to stay at 5-20 keV until a new monochromator is installed. this is planned for April 2021.
The 64 element has had Xspress4 electronics fitted this year which has improved its performance radically making it simpler to collect data on samples with high scattter or other elements in high concentrations.
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