Dave Grinter


Dave is a Beamline Scientist on B07 with primary responsibility for B branch (high-throughput NEXAFS and XPS). He previously worked at Brookhaven National Laboratory and University College London.

Email: dave.grinter@diamond.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)1235 778988
  • Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Nanomaterials
  • Advances in spectromicroscopy techniques
  • Surface structure and behaviour
  • In-situ characterisation methods

Latest Publications

Dave received a BA and M.Sci. in Natural Sciences from Robinson College, Cambridge in 2007. He was awarded a PhD in Chemistry from University College London (UCL) in 2011, working in the group of Prof. Geoff Thornton. Following post-doctoral research at UCL (2011-2014), and at Brookhaven National Laboratory (2015-2016) developing in-situ characterisation methods for model heterogeneous catalysts under Jose Rodriguez, he joined B07 in 2017 as a beamline scientist. His research interests include fundamental oxide surface structure and reactivity, and the development of novel microscopic and spectroscopic experimental techniques.

STM image of CeO2(111)/Pt(111)
STM image of CeO2(111)/Pt(111)
Dave’s research interests lie in the behaviour of surfaces and nanostructured materials. The motivation for this work lies in combatting global challenges such as climate change and developing clean energy sources, via improvements to heterogeneous catalysis. By forming an understanding of their behaviour at a fundamental level, it is hoped that more efficient and cheaper catalysts can be found, as well as providing interesting insights into their mechanisms of action.
With a background in the study of reducible metal oxide (TiO2 and CeO2) single crystals, ultrathin films, and nanostructures using imaging techniques such as scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), non-contact atomic force microscopy (NC-AFM), and low-energy electron diffraction/microscopy (LEED/LEEM); as well as x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS) under ultra-high vacuum, recent research has been focussed on more industrially-relevant conditions. Technological advancements and the development of commercial ambient pressure STM and XPS/NEXAFS instruments both lab-based and at international synchrotron facilities have permitted the in-situ study of model catalyst systems under high gas pressures, yielding new insights into the interactions of molecules with the surfaces of interest.
The combination of microscopic tools and spectroscopic analysis has been a theme of this research, with extensive use of techniques such as x-ray photoemission electron microscopy (XPEEM) which can provide spatially-resolved chemical, electronic, and magnetic information about the samples under investigation.
Interfaces in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions: Ambient Pressure XPS as a Tool to Unravel Surface Chemistry R. Palomino, R. Hamlyn, Z. Liu, D. C. Grinter et al. J. Electron Spectr. Rel. Phenom. Accepted 2017 (link)

Ceria-based model catalysts: Fundamental studies on the importance of the metal-ceria interface in CO oxidation, the water-gas shift, CO2 hydrogenation, and methane and alcohol reforming J.A. Rodriguez, D.C. Grinter et al. Chem. Soc. Rev. Accepted 2017 (link)

Geometric Structure of Anatase TiO2(101) J. Treacy, H. Hussain. X. Torrelles, G. Cabailh, D.C. Grinter et al. Phys. Rev. B 95, 075416, 2017 (link)

Room Temperature Activation of Methane and Dry Reforming with CO2 on Ni-CeO2(111) Surfaces: Effect of Ce3+ Sites and Metal-Support Interactions on C-H bond Cleavage P.Lustemberg, P. Ramirez, Z. Liu, D.C. Grinter et al. ACS Catalysis 6, 8184-8191, 2016 (link)

Structure of a TiO2 Photocatalytic Interface H. Hussain, G. Tocci, T. Woolcot, X. Torrelles, C. L. Pang, D. S. Humphrey, C. M. Yim, D.C. Grinter et al. Nature Materials, 2016 (link)

Potassium and Water Co-adsorption on TiO2(110): OH-induced Anchoring of Potassium and the Generation of Single-Site Catalysts D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, 3866-3872, 2016 (link)

Inverse Oxide/Metal Catalysts in Fundamental Studies and Practical Applications: A Perspective of Recent Developments J. Rodriguez, P. Liu, J. Graciani, S.D. Senanayake, D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, 2627-2639, 2016 (link)

Diffusion barriers block defect occupation on reduced CeO2(111) P.G. Lustemberg, Y. Pan, B-.J. Shaw, D.C. Grinter et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 236101, 2016 (link)

Spillover Reoxidation of Ceria Nanoparticles D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 120, 11037-11044, 2016 (link)

Dry reforming of Methane on a highly-active Ni-CeO2 catalyst: Effects of metal-support interactions on C-H bond breaking Z. Liu, D.C. Grinter et al. Angew. Chemie 55, 7455-7459, 2016 (link)

Ambient Pressure XPS and IRRAS Investigation of Ethanol Steam Reforming on Ni-CeO2(111) Catalysts: An In Situ Study of C-C and O-H Bond Scission Z. Liu, T. Duchon, H. Wang, D.C. Grinter et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. Accepted 2016 (link)

In Situ Growth, Structure, and Real-Time Chemical Reactivity of Well-Defined CeOx-Ru(0001) Model Surfaces D.C. Grinter, S.D. Senanayake and J.I. Flege J. Catal. B: Environ. Accepted 2016 (link)

Water-Gas-Shift Reaction over Gold Nanoparticles Dispersed on Nanostructured CeOx-TiO2(110) Surfaces D.C. Grinter et al. Surf. Sci. 650, 34-39, 2015 (link)

Lepidocrocite-like TiO2 and TiO2(110)-(1x2) supported on W(100) G.T. Harrison, M.C. Spadaro, C.L. Pang, D.C. Grinter et al. Mat. Sci. & Technol. 32, 203-208, 2015 (link)

Ordered Carboxylates on TiO2(110) Formed at Aqueous Interfaces D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 4265-4269, 2014 (link)

Spectro-Microscopy of a Model Water-Gas-Shift Catalyst: Gold Supported on Ultrathin Ceria D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 19194–19204, 2014 (link)

Characterising Ultrathin Ceria Films at the Nanoscale: A Combined Microscopic Approach D.C. Grinter et al. J. Electr. Spec. Rel. Phenom. 195, 13-17, 2014 (link)

A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study of Ultrathin Film Rutile TiO2(110) Supported on W(100)-O(2 × 1) C.L. Pang, D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 25622–25627, 2013 (link)

Oxidation State Imaging of Ultrathin CeO2(111) Films on Re(0001) D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 16509–16514, 2013 (link)

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Molecular Dynamics Study of the Li2TiO3(001) Surface K. Azuma, C. Dover, D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 5126–5131, 2013 (link)

Acetic Acid Adsorption on Anatase TiO2(101) D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 11643-11651, 2012 (link)

Binding of a Benzoate Dye-Molecule Analogue to Rutile Titanium Dioxide Surfaces D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 1020-1026, 2012 (link)

Characterization Tools of Ultrathin Oxide Films D.C. Grinter and G. Thornton in “Ultrathin Oxide Films: Science and Technology” Wiley-VCH 2012 (link)

Reduction of Thin-film Ceria on Pt(111) by Supported Pd Nanoparticles Probed with Resonant Photoemission J. Matharu, D.C. Grinter et al. Surf. Sci. 605, 1062-1066, 2011 (link)

The Defect Structure of Ultra-Thin Ceria Films on Pt(111): Atomic Views from Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy D.C. Grinter et al. J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 17036-17041, 2010 (link)



Prof. Geoff Thornton (UCL, UK)

Dr. Jose Rodriguez (BNL, USA)

Dr. Dario Stacchiola (BNL, USA)

Dr. Sanjaya Senanayake (BNL, USA)

Dr. Ingo Flege (Bremen, DE)

Dr. Chris Muryn (Manchester, UK)

Dr. Greg Cabailh (UPMC, FR)



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