- Arduino Controlled Monochromator
- Control Systems - FPGAs
- Data Analysis
- Electronics Engineering & Programming
- Health Physics
- In House Legal – Commercial Law
- Installation & Facilities Management
- Interlock System
- Mechanical Engineering 1
- Mechanical Engineering 2
- Project Planning
- Python Programming
- What Colour is Gold?
To carry out experiments, we often want to select a single colour from a white light source, which we can do using a monochromator.
The aim of this project is to create a small monochromator which can be used in the lab, at school, or at home. The students will mount a diffraction grating on a simple motor and control the motor using an Arduino board. This project will involve assembling electronic components and 3D printed parts, and writing the code to control the rotation of the motor.
Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are fast digital logic devices for high-speed control and computation. They are widely used in a variety of applications including telecoms, guidance systems, high performance computing and data centres, and even stock market trading.
At Diamond we use FPGAs mainly to control and diagnose the beams in our particle accelerators, and also in the acquisition of data from the beamline experiments.
This project will introduce the student to the basic concepts of FPGAs, and give some understanding of how they work, how to program them, and why we use them.
The new VMXi beamline is the latest member of the MX beamline family. This fully automated beamline is dedicated in situ crystallography where the crystallisation experiment is on the beamline.
The student will setup crystallisation trials in the laboratory to test various crystallisation methods, review the experiment and finally collect diffraction data on the beamline to compare the outcome. To assess the outcome we’ll be looking at diffractions images and three-dimensional protein structures.
The Data Analysis Group at Diamond is responsible for creating software that helps scientists to understand the data that they collect here. The experiments carried out at Diamond are diverse: one group may be analysing the energy levels of electrons in semi-conductors for computer chips, another may be finding the relative locations of all the atoms in a protein molecule and another may be looking at the structure of organelles within a human cell that is infected with a virus. Each different type of experiment requires a different approach to analysing and visualising data.
In this project, you will be working on a software application related to X-ray tomography. This is a technique where X-rays are used to carry out imaging of solid objects by combining together sections. Through data processing, tomography allows visualisation of slices through the object or reconstruction of 3D volumes for analysis. You may have come across this technique in the context of medical CT scans which allow clinicians to image sections through their patients in order to diagnose medical problems. You will carry out programming tasks in Python in order to help analyse a tomography dataset that has been collected here at Diamond. By doing this you will be helping to automate the steps needed to deliver useful information to the scientists so that they can draw conclusions from their experiments.
Electronic engineering is used everywhere in the modern world, to make everything from mobile phones to synchrotrons. The project will require students to use an electronics breadboard and components in order to build an electronic dice powered by an Arduino microcontroller. Students will learn how to solder the electronics together, test the individual components, and write their own code to control the device.
Almost all of the work done at Diamond has an element of electronic control; from the particle accelerator and experimental hutches to the safety systems and offices. So it is important that these electronic systems function correctly.
The students will see an overview of how some of these systems function. They will then have an opportunity to develop hardware and software skills, while designing, building and testing their own small-scale electronic Control System.
The Electron accelerators used to create synchrotron radiation at Diamond emit neutron and x-ray radiation which can harm living organisms when used in an unsafe way. To keep the workplace safe, Health Physics (HP) group provides a very vital role.
A student working in the HP team will be involved in day to day tasks including; using radiation monitors, analysis of radiation monitoring data, environment monitoring techniques and a project to design a jig for checking the geometrical effect, linearity, sensitivity, consistency etc. of the radiation monitor.”
The legal team at Diamond monitors legal and regulatory developments in the UK and overseas in relation to Diamond's activities, as well as providing support and advice on a range of legal matters relating to Diamond.
The student will complete a project which will encompass a range of commercial law issues and provide an overview of the range of work the legal team undertakes. The project will be based on a real-life scenario at Diamond where the student will receive a request for a contract, analyse any legal or regulatory risks, communicate with any Diamond staff involved and draft a contract based on the findings. In addition, the student will have the opportunity to get involved in live matters the legal team are dealing with.
The Installation & Facilities Management Group in Diamond work to operate and maintaining building services/building fabric both in Diamond House and the Synchrotron.
The main areas of responsibilities include:
• Operation, maintenance and upgrade of building services and the maintenance of building fabric/structure ensuring reliable and uninterrupted availability for the Machine, Beamlines, offices and laboratory areas.
• Management of the construction of Hutches and Cabin & Services Contracts.
• Management of the construction of other small to medium sized building services/building fabric type installations.
• Design and construction Project Management
• Acting in the role of Principal Contractor as per the requirements of the Construction (Design Management) Regulations 2015.
• Management of the post-Completion activities including snag and defect rectification, and other outstanding work
The student will be given a general overview of all departments in IFM, but solely looked after by a member of the Building projects Team who manages the design and construction of new projects and upgrade project, whilst working closely with other disciplines such as Mechanical, Electrical, Building Fabric and controls.
The Engineering Group plays a key role in the design and construction of the electron accelerators and beamlines that transport the light from the electron accelerator to the scientific sample.
The students will be able to have a taste of the electrical engineering world and they will be part of the designing process by designing a small interlock system that will increase the safety of the equipment.
Flexure hinges are monolithic hinges which are used in Nano-positioning engineering as well as lunch box lids.
The student will use a 3D CAD package to design the hinge. The hinge dimensions must be selected to keep the mechanical stress below the material yield stress to create an elastic mechanical joint. The design will be optimised using the finite element analysis package ANSYS, to produce stress and deflection plots. The result will be a design which may be used in a real application at Diamond.
Mechanical Engineering at Diamond involves designing cutting edge machinery, mechanisms and instruments to enable world class science.
The student will have the chance to work on a small project during which they will use the same tools and processes that the Engineering Team employ. For example Microsoft Project to create project plans/Gantt charts, 3D CAD (Creo 4) to produce part models and drawings, Finite Element Analysis (Ansys 17) to evaluate concept designs and rapid prototyping using 3D printers.
Projects are all around us in the modern world, be they the organisation of a grand sporting event like the Olympics, on a much smaller scale like renovating a house, or even planning how best to manage revision while still getting to play Fortnite.
At Diamond things are no different and projects are essential to the upgrade and maintenance of our cutting edge scientific research facilities.
Our team of Project Planners are responsible for the scheduling and procedural compliance of the Portfolio of Projects being undertaken on our beamlines and we need some help.
Students will learn some basic Project Management techniques including good planning, organisation, leadership, and communication skills. They will then put these skills to the test, planning a project on one of the Beamlines here at Diamond; researching the requirements, identifying risks and stakeholders, resources needed and more. This will lead to creation of a plan using Microsoft Project and the delivery of a proposal for the project.
The B21 small-angle x-ray scattering beamline supports research in the field of structural biology measuring the size and shape of macromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Samples are often run through chromatography columns and directly through the X-ray beam. This allows contaminants to be removed from the samples before measurement but during the course of a long chromatography experiment a film of radiation damaged material can build up inside the sample cell effecting the quality of the data. As a solution to this problem we have a syringe pump that will flush the sample cell through with detergent between each chromatography experiment. The pump can be driven by the beamline control software but a Python script must be created to automate the wash procedure and integrate it with the data collection routines.
The project will suit students with an interest in programming and ideally with some prior experience using Python. The project will be based at the beamline and an offline syringe pump and sample cell will be available to drive as the code is written and tested. Supervision will be from beamline staff who are experienced in programming and control of these devices. The finished product will be used regularly to run experiments on the beamline.
The past few decades have witnessed a dramatic growth of nanoscience that would not have happened without inventing electron and X-ray microscopes to visualise details in a sample at a nanoscopic scale. Undoubtedly, a fascinating aspect of nanomaterials is that their properties are size and shape dependent, which makes them attractive for science and industry and opens up new horizons for various novel applications e.g., biosensing, energy storage, catalysis and advanced architectural materials. Among nanomaterials, Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are highly attracted attentions due to their fascinating optical properties that makes them promising candidates for applications in different fields such as nanoelectronics and optoelectronics. In addition, they are biocompatible and widely explored for their potential as diagnostic or therapeutic agents in a variety of medical fields.
Various methods have been proposed and developed to synthesize nanomaterials. The students on this project will synthesize Gold nanoparticles using a chemical method and prepare samples for analysis and characterisation by spectroscopy (in the ultraviolet-visible light region) and microscopy techniques on the I08 beamline. By interpreting and studying the results, they will get deeper insight into the nanoscience and are able to get further knowledge about size, shape and structure of the samples.