Keeping the UK at the forefront of science with synchrotrons
- © Diamond Light Source 2014
- Improvements to the source: The priority will be to improve the performance of beamlines by focussing on: (i) reliability will be enhanced further through upgrades to RF components; (ii) several insertion devices will be upgraded to deliver far brighter X-rays to some 5 beam-lines; (iii) the stability of the photon beams need to be further improved in anticipation of yet higher repetition rate detectors, which will require development of improved electron and photon beam diagnostics and feedback systems; (iv) extensive R+D will be conducted to determine how best to upgrade the lattice of the storage ring, building on the experience gained from the introduction of double double bend achromat modules, and guided by optimization of beam characteristics across the beam-line suite. Such an upgrade would take place in the period 2021-2022, and lead to a reduction in the horizontal emittance of the storage ring (increase in brightness) by an order of magnitude.
- Upgrade or replacement of beamlines to ensure that our suite of instruments remain world-class. We anticipate substantially upgrading four beam-lines in the period 2018-2021. A long-list of proposals for such upgrades will be refined and prioritized through consultation with UK science funders and the science community.
- Development and implementation of key enabling technologies for detectors, optics and improvements of equipment for sample environment, particularly in materials processing, reactive chemistry and cryogenics. Diamond is already reaching its limits in terms of storage of increasingly vast quantities of data, together with the means to make them available remotely to users and provide fit-for-purpose means of analysis. Solutions need to be sought in collaboration with other organisations that have similar challenges, but nevertheless there is an anticipated need for the provision of a greatly enhanced local infrastructure for data handling.
- Completion of Phase III beamlines, supporting laboratories and the staff required to run them requires significant additional space, to be provided by an extension to the building housing the storage ring and beamlines.
- Installation of a helium liquefaction system both to recover helium for Diamond and the ISIS Facility, and to provide essential backup for the cryogenic components of the machine.
- Infrastructure replacement & obsolescence: Diamond will have been operating for ten years in the near future and it is anticipated that relatively large items of equipment and infrastructure will have to be replaced, requiring investment beyond normal operating capital.
- A UK XFEL (X-ray Free Electron Laser), which will provide exceptionally bright and short (fs) photon pulses, to explore structure and processes in unrivalled detail. Further opportunities for unique types of measurement would be provided by its co-location at Harwell with complementary light sources – Diamond and the Central Laser Facility. It would also benefit greatly by the establishment of a complementary Institute for Free Electron Laser Science and Technology which would house leading academic groups focused on exploiting the full potential of this type of facility.
- Further development of the Research Complex at Harwell to enable further complementary research facilities and groups from both universities and industry to work more effectively alongside central facilities such as Diamond, ISIS and the Central Laser Facility.
- Extension of accommodation and training space for students, together with an extension of on-site accommodation for visiting users.