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The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide, annual influenza epidemics result in about 3-5 million cases of severe illness and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths. Influenza A viruses are the most common cause of seasonal flu in humans and represent a significant risk to public health.
When the influenza virus infects a host cell, it starts to make copies of itself as the disease spreads. The protein driving this behaviour is the viral RNA polymerase which replicates the viral RNA genome and makes RNA templates for protein synthesis. In order to understand how this process works, you need to work out the structure of the RNA polymerase at the atomic level.
The thyroid is a gland located in our neck which produces iodinated hormones essential for metabolism and growth, namely thyroid hormones (TH).
An imbalance in thyroid hormone production may lead to a range of disorders including cardiovascular, foetal development, and psychiatric problems, which affect more than 5% of the population worldwide, with increasing incidence. Most commonly, people suffer from an under-active thyroid (hypothyroidism) or less frequently, an over-active thyroid (hyperthyroidism). These conditions are often related to thyroid auto-immunity and cancer.
Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. There are high proportions of antibiotic resistance in bacteria that cause common infections, for example urinary tract infections, and it is patients with these infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria that are generally at increased risk of worse clinical outcomes and death. These patients consume more health-care resources than patients infected with the same bacteria that are drug-resistant. Developing new treatments to tackle this worldwide problem is therefore of paramount importance.Read more...
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