Coherent X-ray diffraction is an imaging technique which overcomes some of the limitations encountered with using lenses. Instead, a series of X-ray diffraction patterns are combined to mathematically reconstruct a three dimensional image of the structure being studied. With highly coherent synchrotron X-rays, this approach can provide spatial resolution on a nm scale. In the past this technique has been applied to model repeating crystal structures, but it is now being used to examine small, non-periodic samples.
Diamond Light Source is the UK's national synchrotron science facility, located at the Harwell Science and Innovation Campus in Oxfordshire.
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