Welcome to Soft Condensed Matter

The Soft Condensed Matter Group provides the infrared (IR) and Circular Dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and, both Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS and WAXS) imaging capabilities of Diamond. The Soft Condensed Matter Group comprises of four beamlines B21, B22, I22 and B23. This unique portfolio of beamlines can analyse a range of samples that include two-dimensional thin films (photovoltaics), living mammalian cells, three-dimensional matrices (metal-organic frameworks) and nano-particles in non-crystalline states. The Soft Condensed Matter Group maintains a dedicated laboratory space for our visiting users. The laboratory houses vital equipment for sample preparation and analysis such as a centrifuges, a small tissue-culture facility, spectroscopy equipment (including CD, standalone IR and UV spectroscopy, multi-angle and quasi-elastic light scattering) and the ability to work with different gases. Laboratory and offline instrumentation usage can be reserved through the User Administration System at any time throughout the operational year of Diamond. Since the start of 2017, both B21 and B23 now offer mail-in services for solution-state SAXS and CD measurements.
  1. Instruments
Instruments -

B21 High Throughput SAXS

B21 is a bending magnet Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) beamline primarily focused on dilute solution state systems.  

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Beamsize: 250 x 250 μm
Detector: Pilatus 2M (SAXS)
Energy: 6 - 23 keV

I22 Small Angle Scattering and Diffraction

I22 is a non-crystalline diffraction beamline using SAXS and WAXS for the physical and life sciences. Small-angle, non-crystalline diffraction provides essential information on the structure and dynamics of large molecular assemblies in low ordered environments.

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Beamsize: 60-70 μm x 350-400 μm (Main Beam) 6 x 6 μm (Microfocus)
Detector: Pilatus P3-2M(SAXS), Pilatus P3-2M-L (WAXS)
Wavelength: 0.62 - 2.07 Å
Energy: 6 - 20 keV

B22 MIRIAM: IR Microspectroscopy

MIRIAM (Multimode InfraRed Imaging And Microspectroscopy) provides a brilliant and versatile microprobe for high resolution imaging of molecular structures as well as high sensitivity vibrational spectroscopy via FTIR up to the THz range. Experiments span from biomedical applications to physical-chemical researches.

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Beamsize: 1 mm to 3 um
Detector: MCT, DLaTGS and Bolometer
Wavelength: 2 mm - 1 µm
Energy: 0.6 meV - 1.2 eV

B23 Circular Dichroism

B23 is a  life sciences, chemistry and material science beamline for investigating and observing  structural, functional and dynamic interactions in elements such as  proteins, nucleic acids, nanoparticles and chiral molecules.

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Beamsize: 0.5mm² to 2mm x 4mm
Detector: PMT
Wavelength: 125 - 650 nm
Energy: 2 - 10 eV

  • Beamline Scientist Rohanah Hussain on B23
  • Principal Beamline Scientist Nick Terrill on I22
  • Principal Beamline Scientist Dr. Gianfelice Cinque on B22
  • Beamline Scientist Katsuaki Inoue on B21
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