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Beamline Description Techniques Specifications

I15 is a high energy beamline for single-crystal and powder diffraction. Researchers use it for studying materials under extreme conditions, at high-pressures and high- or low-temperatures. Examples include studying the Earth's core and mantle and planetary interiors, very hard materials, electronic materials and biology in extreme environments.

PDF: Pair Distribution Function X-ray Powder Diffraction
Small Molecule Diffraction

Energy: 20-80 keV

Wavelength: 0.620-0.155 Å

I06 is a microfocus soft-X-ray beamline for X-ray photoelectron microscopy. It can be used to study nanostructures significant for sensors, catalysts and magnetic materials and nanoscale devices.

XMLD: X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XMCD: X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism

Energy: First harmonic circular: 106 - 1300 eV
Linear Horizontal: 80 - 2100 eV
Linear Vertical: 130 - 1500 eV

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments. 

Spectroscopy
MAD
Macromolecular Crystallography
Humidity Control
Mini Kappa

Wavelength: 0.59Å - 2.48Å

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments. Capable of accepting CL3 type experiments on crystals of pathogens.

Spectroscopy
In situ
MAD
Macromolecular Crystallography
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.5Å - 2.5Å

I09 is designed to provide both soft and hard X-rays for high-resolution studies of atomic and electronic structures of surfaces and interfaces using photoelectron spectroscopy, near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, X-ray standing waves and photoelectron diffraction.

NEXAFS: Near edge x-ray absorption fine structures XSW: X-ray standing waves PhD: Photoelectron diffraction HAXPES: Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Energy: 100 - 2100 ev, 2.1 - 20 keV

I07 is a high-resolution X-ray diffraction beamline for investigating the structure of surfaces and interfaces under different environmental conditions, including, for example, semiconductors and biological films. 

GIXD: Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction
GISAXS: Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering SXRD: Surface X-ray Diffraction XRR: X-ray Reflectivity

Energy: 6-30 keV

Wavelength: 0.4-2.0Å

I20: XAS of samples with low concentration of the absorbing atoms and/or X-ray unfavourable heavy matrix.  X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) experiments.
Beamsize: 400 x 300 µm2
Energy: 4 - 34 keV

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I20-1: Energy Dispersive EXAFS (EDE) technique for time resolved experiments.
Beamsize: 50 x 60 µm2
Energy: 6 - 26 keV

XES: X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
Energy Dispersive EXAFS
XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

B07 will be a highly versatile soft x-ray beamline for NEXAFS/XPS suitable for studies of heterogenous catalysis, pharmaceuticals & biomaterials under realistic conditions, electronic & photonic materials, environmental & space science on liquids/ices and heritage conservation.

NEXAFS: Near edge x-ray absorption fine structures XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XPS: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Energy: 50 - 2800 eV

Wavelength: 24.8 - 0.44 nm

The Materials and Magnetism beamline provides a unique, world-class single crystal X-ray diffraction facility for studying a diverse range of materials.

X-ray Diffraction
Imaging
Spectroscopy
WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 3 - 15 keV

I19 is a high-flux tunable-wavelength facility for the study of small-molecule systems by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The beamline supports a variety of techniques to allow the structural change of systems to be mapped under the influence of an external effect (such as pressure, temperature, photoexcitation or gas exchange).

Small Molecule Diffraction

Energy: 5 - 25 keV

Wavelength: 0.5 - 2.5 Å

I05-ARPES is a facility dedicated to the study of electronic structures of solids and their surfaces by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). The ultrahigh vacuum low temperature high resolution ARPES end station is served by an intense, highly monochromatic VUV to XUV photon beam from a variable polarisation Apple II undulator.

ARPES

Energy: 18 - 240 eV; 500 eV

Wavelength: 60 - 5 nm; 2.5 nm

MIRIAM (Multimode InfraRed Microspectroscopy and Imaging) provides a brilliant and versatile microprobe for high resolution imaging of molecular structures as well as high sensitivity vibrational spectroscopy up to the THz range. Experiments span from biomedical applications to physical-chemical researches, with subsequent impact across a wide range of life and physical sciences.

Spectroscopy
Imaging
Infrared

Energy: 0.6 meV to 1.2 eV

Wavelength: 2 mm to 1 um

X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence imaging and diffraction using high-brightness focused X-ray beam. Other techniques available include X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL), X-ray Fluorescence Tomography, Differential Phase Contrast Imaging.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
X-ray Diffraction
Imaging
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence

Energy: 2.05 - 20.5 keV

B23 is a  life sciences, chemistry and material science beamline for investigating and observing  structural, functional and dynamic interactions in elements such as  proteins, nucleic acids, nanoparticles and chiral molecules.

Spectroscopy
Circular Dichroism

Energy: 2-10eV

Wavelength: 125-650 nm

I22 is a non-crystalline diffraction beamline using SAXS and WAXS for the physical and life sciences. Small-angle, non-crystalline diffraction provides essential information on the structure and dynamics of large molecular assemblies in low ordered environments.

WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering
ASAXS: Anomalous Small Angle X-ray Scattering USAXS: Ultra Small Angle X-ray Scattering SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 3.5 - 20 keV

Wavelength: 0.62 - 3.54 Å

I13 is Diamond’s longest beamline, dedicated to imaging, tomographic and coherence experiments across the biological, medical, geological, material, engineering and archealogical sciences.

PCI: Phase Contrast Imaging
Tomography

Energy: Imaging branch: 8 - 30 keV; Coherence branch: 6 - 20 keV

Wavelength: Imaging branch: 40 - 160 pm; Coherence branch: 60 - 210 pm

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments.

Spectroscopy
MAD
Macromolecular Crystallography
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.5Å - 2.5Å

High throughput and highly automated fixed wavelength SAD beamline for macromolecular crystallography.

Macromolecular Crystallography
In situ
Mini Kappa
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.92Å (fixed)

B18 is a general purpose EXAFS beamline. The Core-EXAFS is used for an extensive range of studies and applications, including local structure and electronic state of active components, and the study of materials including fluids, crystalline and non-crystalline (amorphous phases & colloids) solids, surfaces and biomaterials.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 2.05 - 35 keV

I11 is a high resolution powder diffraction beamline for structural crystallography using an undulator source. This beamline specialises in investigating the structure of complex materials, including high temperature superconductors, ceramics, alloys, zeolites and mineralogy.

X-ray Powder Diffraction

Energy: 6-30 keV - optimised at 15 keV

Wavelength: 0.4-2.1 Å

High throughput variable microfocus beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments on crystals down a few microns in size.

Microfocus
MAD
Spectroscopy
In situ
Macromolecular Crystallography
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.62Å - 1.77Å

B21 is Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) beamline being designed to complement I22, Diamond’s existing undulator SAXS beamline

SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 6 - 23 keV

Wavelength: 0.54 - 2.07 Å

Scanning X-ray Microscopy with variety of imaging and spectomicroscopy modes: Transmission incl. absorption and phase-sensitive contrasts, X-ray fluorescence as well as soft X-ray diffraction imaging (ptychography).

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
Imaging
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 0.25 - 4.2 keV

The Hard X-ray nanoprobe I14 beamline is a dedicated facility for micro-nano SAXS and nanoscale microscopy. The central theme of the beamline is the ability to obtain structural and chemically-specific information on a full range of materials (inorganic/organic) under both static and real (e.g. wet, heated, in-situ strain) conditions.
SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
X-ray Diffraction
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
Imaging
XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

Energy: 5 - 25 keV

I10 is a beamline for the study of electronic and magnetic structure using soft X-ray resonant scattering (reflection and diffraction) and X-ray absorption. It allows a broad range of studies focused on the spectroscopic properties and magnetic ordering of novel nanostructured systems

XMLD: X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism RSXS: Resonant soft X-ray scattering XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XMCD: X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism

Energy: 500-1600 eV

I12 is a high-energy beamline principally for Material Science, Engineering and Processing Science. However, other disciplines are also able to take advantage of the beamline’s high energies and open architecture. The instrument’s main focus is to allow in-situ studies of samples in environments as close as possible to real world environments using imaging, tomography, diffraction and small-angle scattering. I12 is particularly well suited to study large or dense objects and offers a unique sample and environment installation facility for weights up to 2000 kg.

Imaging
X-ray Diffraction
EDD: Energy Dispersive Diffraction
SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
Tomography

Energy: 53 keV – 150 keV

This is a flexible and versatile beamline for testing new developments in optics and detector technology and for trialling new experimental techniques. The beamline provides both white and monochromatic X-rays in several operational modes.

Topography Imaging
XRR: X-ray Reflectivity
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 4 - 45 keV

The long-wavelength macromolecular crystallography beamline I23 is a unique facility for solving the crystallographic phase problem, using the small anomalous signals from sulphur or phosphorous which are present in native protein or RNA/DNA crystals. Macromolecular Crystallography
The Phase III bending magnet beamline Full Field Cryo Transmission X-ray Microscope (or cryo-TXM) will be designed specifically around the requirements associated with the imaging of biological cells. cryo-TXM