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Beamline Description Techniques Specifications

High throughput variable microfocus beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments on crystals down a few microns in size.

Microfocus
Spectroscopy
In situ
Macromolecular Crystallography
MAD
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.62Å - 1.77Å

I22 is a non-crystalline diffraction beamline using SAXS and WAXS for the physical and life sciences. Small-angle, non-crystalline diffraction provides essential information on the structure and dynamics of large molecular assemblies in low ordered environments.

USAXS: Ultra Small Angle X-ray Scattering SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
ASAXS: Anomalous Small Angle X-ray Scattering WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 3.5 - 20 keV

Wavelength: 0.62 - 3.54 Å

I21 will be a dedicated Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) beamline that will provide a highly monochromatised, focused and tunable X-ray beam onto materials, while detecting and energy-analysing scattered X-rays using a spatially-resolved two-dimensional detector.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Spectroscopy
XES: X-ray Emission Spectroscopy
RIXS: Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering

Energy: 0.20 - 3.0 keV

I20: XAS of samples with low concentration of the absorbing atoms and/or X-ray unfavourable heavy matrix.  X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) experiments.
Beamsize: 400 x 300 µm2
Energy: 4 - 34 keV

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I20-1: Energy Dispersive EXAFS (EDE) technique for time resolved experiments.
Beamsize: 50 x 60 µm2
Energy: 6 - 26 keV

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Energy Dispersive EXAFS
XES: X-ray Emission Spectroscopy

I19 is a high-flux tunable-wavelength facility for the study of small-molecule systems by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The beamline supports a variety of techniques to allow the structural change of systems to be mapped under the influence of an external effect (such as pressure, temperature, photoexcitation or gas exchange).

Small Molecule Diffraction

Energy: 5 - 25 keV

Wavelength: 0.5 - 2.5 Å

µX-ray absorption spectroscopy, µX-ray fluorescence imaging and µdiffraction using high-brightness focused X-ray beam. Other techniques available include X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL), X-ray Fluorescence Tomography, Differential Phase Contrast Imaging.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
Imaging
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 2.05 - 20.5 keV

The Materials and Magnetism beamline provides a unique, world-class single crystal X-ray diffraction facility for studying a diverse range of materials.

Imaging
Spectroscopy
X-ray Diffraction
WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 3 - 15 keV

I15 is a high energy beamline for single-crystal and powder diffraction. Researchers use it for studying materials under extreme conditions, at high-pressures and high- or low-temperatures. Examples include studying the Earth's core and mantle and planetary interiors, very hard materials, electronic materials and biology in extreme environments.

X-ray Powder Diffraction
PDF: Pair Distribution Function Small Molecule Diffraction

Energy: 20-80 keV

Wavelength: 0.620-0.155 Å

The Hard X-ray nanoprobe I14 beamline is a dedicated facility for micro-nano SAXS and nanoscale microscopy. The central theme of the beamline is the ability to obtain structural and chemically-specific information on a full range of materials (inorganic/organic) under both static and real (e.g. wet, heated, in-situ strain) conditions.
XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
Imaging
X-ray Diffraction
SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 5 - 25 keV

I13 is Diamond’s longest beamline, dedicated to imaging, tomographic and coherence experiments across the biological, medical, geological, material, engineering and archealogical sciences.

Tomography
PCI: Phase Contrast Imaging

Energy: Imaging branch: 8 - 30 keV; Coherence branch: 6 - 20 keV

Wavelength: Imaging branch: 40 - 160 pm; Coherence branch: 60 - 210 pm

I12 is a high-energy beamline principally for Material Science, Engineering and Processing Science. However, other disciplines are also able to take advantage of the beamline’s high energies and open architecture. The instrument’s main focus is to allow in-situ studies of samples in environments as close as possible to real world environments using imaging, tomography, diffraction and small-angle scattering. I12 is particularly well suited to study large or dense objects and offers a unique sample and environment installation facility for weights up to 2000 kg.

Imaging
X-ray Diffraction
SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
Tomography
EDD: Energy Dispersive Diffraction

Energy: 53 keV – 150 keV

I11 is a high resolution powder diffraction beamline for structural crystallography using an undulator source. This beamline specialises in investigating the structure of complex materials, including metal-organic frameworks, high temperature superconductors, ceramics, alloys, zeolites and minerals under non-ambient, time-resolved, and long duration conditions.

In situ
X-ray Diffraction
X-ray Powder Diffraction

Energy: 6-25 (30*) keV - optimised at 15 keV

Wavelength: 0.4-2.1 Å

I10 is a beamline for the study of electronic and magnetic structure using soft X-ray resonant scattering (reflection and diffraction) and X-ray absorption. It allows a broad range of studies focused on the spectroscopic properties and magnetic ordering of novel nanostructured systems

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XMCD: X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism
RSXS: Resonant soft X-ray scattering XMLD: X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism

Energy: 500-1600 eV

I09 is designed to provide both soft and hard X-rays for high-resolution studies of atomic and electronic structures of surfaces and interfaces using photoelectron spectroscopy, near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, X-ray standing waves and photoelectron diffraction.

XPS: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy HAXPES: Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy NEXAFS: Near edge x-ray absorption fine structures XSW: X-ray standing waves PhD: Photoelectron diffraction

Energy: 100 - 2100 ev, 2.1 - 20 keV

Scanning X-ray Microscopy with variety of imaging and spectomicroscopy modes: Transmission incl. absorption and phase-sensitive contrasts, X-ray fluorescence as well as soft X-ray diffraction imaging (ptychography).

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
Imaging
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 0.25 - 4.2 keV

I07 is a high-resolution X-ray diffraction beamline for investigating the structure of surfaces and interfaces under different environmental conditions, including, for example, semiconductors and biological films. 

X-ray Diffraction
SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
XRR: X-ray Reflectivity
GIXD: Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction
SXRD: Surface X-ray Diffraction GISAXS: Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 6-30 keV

Wavelength: 0.4-2.0Å

I06 is a microfocus soft-X-ray beamline for X-ray photoelectron microscopy. It can be used to study nanostructures significant for sensors, catalysts and magnetic materials and nanoscale devices.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XMCD: X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism
XMLD: X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism

Energy: First harmonic circular: 106 - 1300 eV
Linear Horizontal: 80 - 2100 eV
Linear Vertical: 130 - 1500 eV

I05-ARPES is a facility dedicated to the study of electronic structures of solids and their surfaces by Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES). The ultrahigh vacuum low temperature high resolution ARPES end station is served by an intense, highly monochromatic VUV to XUV photon beam from a variable polarisation Apple II undulator.

ARPES

Energy: 18 - 240 eV; 500 eV

Wavelength: 60 - 5 nm; 2.5 nm

High throughput and highly automated fixed wavelength SAD beamline for macromolecular crystallography.

In situ
Macromolecular Crystallography
Mini Kappa
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.92Å (fixed)

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments. 

Spectroscopy
Macromolecular Crystallography
MAD
Mini Kappa
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.59Å - 2.48Å

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments. Capable of accepting CL3 type experiments on crystals of pathogens.

Spectroscopy
In situ
Macromolecular Crystallography
MAD
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.5Å - 2.5Å

High throughput and highly automated beamline for optimised MAD and SAD experiments.

Spectroscopy
Macromolecular Crystallography
MAD
Humidity Control

Wavelength: 0.5Å - 2.5Å

B24 is the Phase III full-field transmission microscope at Diamond designed specifically to meet the rising demand for tomographic imaging of biological specimens under near physiological conditions. The technique bridges the resolution gap that exists between electron microscopy and conventional light microscopy and allows acquisition of tomographic data from both native and fluorescent-labelled samples.

B23 is a  life sciences, chemistry and material science beamline for investigating and observing  structural, functional and dynamic interactions in elements such as  proteins, nucleic acids, nanoparticles and chiral molecules.

Spectroscopy
Circular Dichroism

Energy: 2-10eV

Wavelength: 125-650 nm

MIRIAM (Multimode InfraRed Microspectroscopy And Imaging) provides a brilliant and versatile microprobe for high resolution imaging of molecular structures as well as high sensitivity vibrational spectroscopy up to the THz range. Experiments span from biomedical applications to physical-chemical researches, with subsequent impact across a wide range of life and physical sciences.

Imaging
Spectroscopy
Infrared

Energy: 0.6 meV to 1.2 eV

Wavelength: 2 mm to 1 um

B21 is Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) beamline being designed to complement I22, Diamond’s existing undulator SAXS beamline

SAXS: Small Angle X-ray Scattering
WAXS: Wide Angle X-ray Scattering

Energy: 6 - 23 keV

Wavelength: 0.54 - 2.07 Å

B18 is a general purpose EXAFS beamline. The Core-EXAFS is used for an extensive range of studies and applications, including local structure and electronic state of active components, and the study of materials including fluids, crystalline and non-crystalline (amorphous phases & colloids) solids, surfaces and biomaterials.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XRF: X-ray Fluorescence
X-ray Diffraction

Energy: 2.05 - 35 keV

This is a flexible and versatile beamline for testing new developments in optics and detector technology and for trialling new experimental techniques. The beamline provides both white and monochromatic X-rays in several operational modes.

Imaging
X-ray Diffraction
XRR: X-ray Reflectivity
Topography

Energy: 4 - 45 keV

B07 will be a highly versatile soft x-ray beamline for NEXAFS/XPS suitable for studies of heterogenous catalysis, pharmaceuticals & biomaterials under realistic conditions, electronic & photonic materials, environmental & space science on liquids/ices and heritage conservation.

XAS: X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
XPS: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy NEXAFS: Near edge x-ray absorption fine structures

Energy: 50 - 2800 eV

Wavelength: 24.8 - 0.44 nm

The long-wavelength macromolecular crystallography beamline I23 is a unique facility for solving the crystallographic phase problem, using the small anomalous signals from sulphur or phosphorous which are present in native protein or RNA/DNA crystals. Macromolecular Crystallography