Light generated by electrons in the storage ring passes into beamlines, where the experiments are carried out. Each beamline is optimised for a different kind of experiment, but they have some key components in common. First the optics hutch, where the light is filtered and focussed. Next there is an experimental hutch, where the experiments are carried out. Because both of these hutches will contain X-rays when the machine is operating, there is a third hutch called a control cabin, where scientists control the experiments and collect and analyse data.
Diamond started operating with seven beamlines, and will build up to 22 in 2012. Ultimately Diamond can host up to 40 beamlines. Find out more about the current beamlines here.
Watch an animation of light travelling along a beamline.