B21 operates in a fixed camera length configuration (4.014 meters) at 12.4 keV.
The camera length range is suitable for particles with an Rg < 200 Angstroms.
B21 can measure a resolution range from 0.0031 to 0.38 Å-1 using a flux of ~1012 photons per second and is optimized for solution state SAXS experiments.
We offer two standard data collection methods:
- batch mode data collection using the EMBL Arinax sample handling robot
- size-exclusion chromatography coupled SAXS (SEC-SAXS) using an Agilent HPLC system.
BioSAXS Robot The bioSAXS robot automates a data collection from a user described spreadsheet of samples in either a 96-well plate or a set of PCR strips. Each sample is 30 uL and is stored between 4 and 15 degrees. The samples are loaded into a temperature controlled quartz cell capillary (10 or 100 um thick) for X-ray scattering measurements.
Standard bioSAXS experiments using the robot require buffer matching to be performed by the user. For buffer matching, we recommend
- SEC (be sure to collect buffer after 1.2 column volumes have passed)
- spin concentrators
Exposure times vary from 0.5 seconds to 5 minutes. Very small particles (< 10 kDa) will require extended exposure times.
SEC SAXS at B21 Inline SEC SAXS is provided by an Agilent 1200 HPLC system. We offer several columns that include the 2.4 mL Superdex 200 (GE Healthcare) and the 4.6 mL KW-402, -403 and -404 (Shodex) columns. Superose columns operate at comparatively lower pressures, largely composed of conjugated sugars whereas the Shodex columns are higher pressure columns composed of silica. Samples are measured in a specialized cell with ~500x lower background than the bioSAXS robot cell. Please see PDF for further details regarding column performance and expected dilution.
MALS at B21 B21 operates an 18-angle Wyatt multi-angle light scattering instrument inline with an Agilent HPLC system. Onsite users have access to the instrument, it is fully automated and only requires the user to make a suitable running buffer. The MALS instrument is an excellent, independent method for assessing sample quality through mass and radius-of-hydration estimates.
Syringe Pumps For low throughput experiments, we have two integrated syringe pumps that can be controlled remotely for injection into the sample cell.
Wet-Laboratory We provide access to a small wet lab providing room-temperature and refrigerated microfuges, a large centrifuge for spin-concentrators, temperature baths and shakers and an Agilent HPLC for onsite, small-scale purifications. Samples can be stored at -80, -20 and 4 degrees C. B21 can provide access to a biological laboratory for onsite purification of biological mate
Planned Upgrades B21 will be upgrading the detector in Summer 2018 to an Eiger 4M. The detector will be our primary SAXS detector located at 4 meters from the sample that will provide 5x more datapoints. The old 2M detector will be position at 2 meters from the sample. Combined, the two detectors will provide a constant angular range between to 0.0028 and 1 A-1. In addition, Spring 2018, we will be installed improved multi-layer subtrates that will provide an additional 20% gain in signal.