Welcome to Engineering and Environment
Synchrotron radiation is finding an increased number of applications in engineering and environmental science. The Engineering and Environmental Science Village brings together beamlines that enable the study of engineering materials and components, that are capable of recreating the conditions of planetary interiors and that can examine the properties of materials in realistic working conditions.
I11 is a high resolution powder diffraction beamline for structural crystallography using an undulator source. This beamline specialises in investigating the structure of complex materials, including metal-organic frameworks, high temperature superconductors, ceramics, alloys, zeolites and minerals under non-ambient, time-resolved, and long duration conditions.
Beamsize: ~0.8 mm (v) x 2.5 mm (h)
Energy: 6-25 (30*) keV - optimised at 15 keV
Wavelength: 0.4-2.1 Å
Detector: Ultra High Resolution Multi-Analysing Crystal detectors (x 45), Mythen Position Sensitive Detector (PSD), and Pixium area detector (long duration only)
I12 is a high-energy beamline principally for Material Science, Engineering and Processing Science. However, other disciplines are also able to take advantage of the beamline’s high energies and open architecture. The instrument’s main focus is to allow in-situ studies of samples in environments as close as possible to real world environments using imaging, tomography, diffraction and small-angle scattering. I12 is particularly well suited to study large or dense objects and offers a unique sample and environment installation facility for weights up to 2000 kg.
Beamsize: From 30 micrometer x 30 micrometer to 50 mm x 15 mm (EH1) or 100 mm x 30 mm (EH2)
Energy: 53 keV – 150 keV
Detector: PCO.4000 (PCO.edge upgrade), Vision Research Phantom 7.3, Thales Pixium RF4343, Custom made 23-element Canberra Ge solid state
I15 is a high energy beamline for single-crystal and powder diffraction. Researchers use it for studying materials under extreme conditions, at high-pressures and high- or low-temperatures. Examples include studying the Earth's core and mantle and planetary interiors, very hard materials, electronic materials and biology in extreme environments.
Beamsize: 10 microns to a few mm unfocussed
Energy: 20-80 keV
Wavelength: 0.620-0.155 Å
Detector: MAR345 image plate, Perkin Elmer flat panel, Atlas CCD, Pilatus 100K
XPDF (I15-1) is a dedicated X-ray Pair Distribution Function beamline. The pair distribution function allows researchers in fields as diverse as materials chemistry; solid-state physics; eartch science; and pharmaceuticals to gain insight into the local structure of crystalline, amorphous, and liquid materials both ex situ and in situ.
Beamsize: 700 um x 300 um at the sample position (focussed)
Energy: 40, 65, & 76 keV
Detector: Perkin Elmer 1611 CP3
DIAD will be the a dual beam instrument capable of imaging and diffraction at the same time at the micron scale. The beamline will enable in-situ experiments aiming to resolve the 3D microstructure (via imaging) and phase constitution/strain state of material (via diffraction) in quasi-simultaneously matter with switching times of a few Hz between analysis techniques.
The beamline is currently in the design phase and is expected to take First Users in 2020. Specifications listed below are design specifications.
Beamsize: Imaging beam: up to 1.7x1.7mm; Diffraction beam: ~ 10µm
Detector: PCO.edge or equivalent, Pilatus Dectris 2M CdTe